How precious metals are taxed

The energy crisis and global economic uncertainty has boosted the purchase of precious metals such as gold and silver. The tax season starts on 6 April, so it is a good time to remember how precious metals are treated for tax purposes.


The central banks of several countries are increasing their gold reserves exponentially, but there has also been an increase in demand for this safe-haven asset from people who want to protect their savings in the face of an inflationary economic scenario that has no end in sight. Even so, more and more investors are including precious metals in their portfolios in order to diversify their returns.

However, before investing in gold or any other precious metal, it is important to consider what taxes are payable when buying or selling these highly valued commodities in times of crisis. Taxation can vary depending on whether you are buying physical gold or digital gold, the purity level of the metal, and other factors to consider when assessing the potential returns on your investments.


Investment gold bullion and gold coins

Firstly, we need to be clear that we are not talking about ordinary precious metals, such as those in jewellery or industrial sectors, but about precious metals of investment value. This distinction is important because according to the European Union decree 77/388/EEC, investment gold does not pay VAT either on purchase or sale.

The Tax Agency defines this special scheme for investment gold as “a compulsory scheme, without prejudice to the possibility of waiver for each transaction, applicable to transactions involving investment gold where such transactions are generally exempt from VAT, with partial limitation of the right to deduct”. In other words, the current VAT Law establishes certain requirements for it to be considered investment gold.

Therefore, investment gold will be exempt from paying VAT as long as it is physical gold, that is, gold bars or coins, such as the gold we offer through Preciosos 11Onze. In addition, this gold must meet minimum purity requirements: 99.5% in the case of bullion, and 80% in the case of coins. Bullion and coins that do not reach this purity will have to pay VAT at 21%, the same rate that applies to the purchase of other precious metals.


Income tax

Silver and other precious metals pay VAT like any other product, and each country applies its own tax rate, 21% in the case of Spain. Therefore, as investors, we have to bear in mind that these are different investments from gold, and often more speculative.

In terms of personal income tax (IRPF), any sale of gold, or any other precious metal by the taxpayer, has to be included in the tax return, and will be taxed according to the capital gains or losses generated by the operation, by the taxable savings base.

In this way, if a capital gain has been achieved with the operation, it will be necessary to reflect it taking into account the purchase price, including expenses, and the sale price, excluding expenses, with applicable rates depending on the amount.


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The close relationship between organised crime and the banking sector goes back almost as far as the origins of these two concepts, yet it was in the early 20th century that the contemporary understanding of banking and the mafia was consolidated and spread throughout the world.


Throughout history, organised crime has taken advantage of the promiscuous relationship between politics, business and the financial system to weave a complex web of power and corruption not only to serve its interests but from which all these actors have benefited.

The mafia and banking share the same taste for wealth, risk and easy money, while both have close connections with corrupt governments. Their collaboration was especially evident during the expansion of organised crime families from Italy’s Sicily region into the United States in the early 20th century, and during the politics of gangsterism in Nationalist China throughout the final stages of the opium trade.

These alliances provided the mafia with access to financial resources and a semblance of legitimisation in its expansion into new markets through illicit business, while at the same time banking economic benefits from financing illegal operations, facilitating money transactions and money laundering.


The alcohol gangsters

During the thirteen years of Prohibition in the United States, organised crime and alcohol flooded the black market, leaving a trail of bullet-riddled corpses. Underground distilleries serving liquor were controlled by gangsters such as Meyer Lansky, Lucky Luciano, Dutch Schultz and Al Capone, who bribed police, politicians, and judges.

The profit margins from the illegal importation and sale of alcohol were equivalent to what the drug market was years later. Millions of cases of alcohol entered the US every week, which had to be processed and distributed throughout the country. This required the collaboration of several actors, including the banking sector.

New York was the entry point for most of the alcohol contraband coming into the country, but it was also the convergence point for financial capital and political influence in the United States. Collaboration in the laundering of money from the illegal sale of alcohol continued until the prosecution of Al Capone for tax evasion and the end of the prohibition period.

The Mafia’s accountant

The arrest of Al Capone inspired Meyer Lansky, accountant, Jewish mobster, and Lucky Luciano’s partner, not to make the same mistake and to structure elaborate international financial conglomerates in tax havens to hide the money from illicit businesses. Lansky even bought a bank in Switzerland, which he used to launder money through a network of shell companies.

At the end of World War II, Luciano controlled, with the collaboration of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, many of Havana’s casinos. Lansky was instrumental in orchestrating the whole operation and facilitated the landing of Italian mafia money in Cuba. Even so, his casino dealings were understood to be in Las Vegas, the Bahamas, and London.

At the outbreak of the Cuban Revolution in 1959, the new government of Fidel Castro expropriated all the casinos and hotels, forcing the mobsters to flee in disarray. Lansky did not accept Fidel’s conditions for continued investment on the island and left the country for good, leaving behind much of his multi-million dollar wealth.

God’s banker

Michele Sindona, known as “The Shark”, was a leading figure in the financial world of the 20th century, but his career was surrounded by controversy, scandal, and crime and born on 8 May 1920 in Patti, in the region of Sicily. He studied law at the University of Messina and began his career as a lawyer, but soon changed course to the world of banking.

He moved to Milan, where he worked as a tax lawyer for wealthy Italians who wanted to avoid paying taxes. Furthermore, he soon gained recognition from the Italian Mafia as a financial expert and quickly rose through the ranks of international banking.

In the early 1950s, he travelled to New York and met the Gambino family, who hired him to manage their profits from heroin sales. At the same time, Sindona had acquired, through his holding company Fasco, several Italian banks, establishing close links with the Vatican and earning a reputation as a trusted financial intermediary for the Catholic Church.

Its progress continued until the beginning of its association with the Vatican Bank in 1969 when large amounts of money passed from Sindona’s banks via the Vatican to Swiss banks. These events earned him the nickname “God’s banker”.

As a Vatican banker, he played a key role in the collapse of Banco Ambrosiano – of which the Vatican Bank was the largest shareholder – in one of the most scandalous events in the financial world of the 1970s. Sindona manipulated the bank’s accounts to conceal massive losses and finance his business ventures.

In 1980, he was convicted and imprisoned in the United States on various charges related to fraud and money laundering. In September 1984 he was extradited to Italy, where he was imprisoned in Voghera. Two years later he was sentenced to life imprisonment as the instigator of the murder of Commissario Giorgio Ambrosoli and, a few days later, died of cyanide poisoning in a coffee cup, believed to be his own doing.

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ETFs or Exchange Traded Funds are hybrid financial assets, between traditional investment funds and shares, which track the performance of a certain benchmark index.


Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) are investment funds listed on stock exchanges. The main characteristic of these financial products is that they combine the diversification offered by an investment fund portfolio with the flexibility of share trading.

Their investment policy is to replicate a stock market index: fixed income, commodities, sector, etc., which makes them very attractive. Therefore, they are a very popular product for investing by trends or themes because, once the assets of a trend have been grouped into an index, ETFs replicate their behaviour.

How exchange-traded funds operate

They operate in the same way as shares, since they are traded throughout the stock market session and have a net asset value that is published at the close of the session. In other words, their real value is known at the end of the trading day.

All investors, both institutional and retail, can invest in ETFs and buy an ETF in real-time, at the price set by the market at any given moment. The price may vary throughout a stock market session depending on supply and demand, as with any other listed security, which provides great transparency for investors.

Types of ETFs

Although all ETFs replicate the performance of a benchmark index, this can be done in different ways:

  • Fixed income ETFs: they behave in the same way as debt securities or bonds, both public and private.
  • Money market ETFs: represent short-term debt assets and money market assets traded on the interbank market.
  • ETF according to capitalisation: they can be small, medium or large depending on the capitalisation of the companies that make up the ETF.
  • Sector ETFs: they replicate investment indices of a specific sector.
  • ETF according to management style: funds that invest in companies with a certain value or with expectations of good growth in the medium or long term.
  • ETFs on currencies: there are products that replicate the evolution of Forex market prices.

The risks associated with ETFs

Although there are specific ETFs hedged to minimise currency risk, it is important to note that ETFs do not enjoy any guarantees: as with any equity or bond investment, there is a risk of loss of the initial capital invested.

Investing in ETFs involves assuming a certain level of risk, which will depend on the composition of the ETF, market fluctuations and other factors associated with investing in securities. These investment assets are usually equity funds, except for those that replicate fixed income indices, and therefore generally have high volatility.

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Deposits of value are assets, currencies, and commodities that do not devalue over time. Gold and other precious metals have historically been the ultimate stores of value, while in recent decades the major shortcomings of fiat currencies have become apparent.


As Investopedia notes, “a store of value is essentially an asset, commodity, or currency that can be saved, retrieved and exchanged in the future without deterioration in value” when we exchange it for goods or services: if it is worth ten apples today, we should eventually be able to exchange it for at least ten apples anytime in the future. 

Gold and other precious metals have been considered throughout history as the quintessential stores of value because they have a virtually unlimited lifetime. And, if we look at the evolution of gold prices over the last decades, we see that an ounce has gone from trading below $300 when the euro came into circulation in 2002 to over $1,900 today. 

On the other extreme, perishable commodities such as apples are lousy stores of value because they decompose within days and lose all their value. Although certain commodities, such as those in the food sector, may temporarily rise in price depending on the market situation, their perishable nature prevents them from being considered stores of value.


Modern money fails as a store of value

Obviously, the euro and other fiat currencies are very poor stores of value because they do not appreciate in value at the same rate as the products and services they are used to purchasing. Although our currencies should be a reasonably stable store of value, inflation means that the coffee we used to buy in a bar for one euro a few years ago now costs us considerably more. Our money is depreciating by the day.

Richard Nixon put an end to the gold standard in 1971, which until then obliged the countries of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to maintain a fixed exchange rate against the dollar and the US Federal Reserve to back its currency with gold. Since then, we have been using fiat currencies, i.e. currencies that are legal tender but are not backed by any valuable asset. All central banks can manufacture money as they see fit, and their only collateral is the trust of the public

Logically, if the amount of money in circulation increases at a higher rate than the goods and services that can be purchased with it, the imbalance between supply and demand causes prices to rise. Therefore, our money is devalued.

A reasonably stable currency is essential for a healthy economy. A poorly functioning monetary unit as a store of value discourages saving and hinders trade. Its ill effects are obvious if we have a look at the cases of hyperinflation that some countries have experienced throughout history.


Precious metals as a safe haven

For more than two millennia, many economies have used gold and other precious metals as an exchange currency because of their durability, relative scarcity and ease of transport. Moreover, in recent decades gold has played an important role as a safe haven asset. Its demand has tended to soar in times of economic uncertainty, as evidenced by last year’s data, the highest demand since 2011. Gold’s long experience attests to its ability to serve as a long-term store of value

In general, other assets such as real estate, works of art, antiques and certain collectables have also shown that they can play this role. Although their value may fall at times, they tend to appreciate in value over the long term, thanks to more or less constant demand and a very limited supply. 

Their major disadvantage compared to gold is that they are very illiquid assets: it is difficult to sell them immediately if we want to do so for a reasonable price. Moreover, these markets require a good deal of knowledge and suffer particularly in economic downturns, when there is a greater tendency to turn to stores of value.


What about crypto-assets?

It is more difficult to assess whether crypto-assets will ever be considered stores of value, as they are too new. It is true that bitcoin is based on the principle of scarcity, a characteristic of stores of value: a limited number of bitcoins are generated each year and there is a predetermined cap. However, like so many other crypto-assets, its major drawback is that it has no intrinsic value. Almost all of its value is currently subjective, which is fertile ground for volatility. 

However, as bitcoin becomes widely accepted as a means of payment and is used in an increasing number of transactions, its value will strengthen and the likelihood of it becoming a long-term store of value, beyond occasional volatility, will increase.

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Historical precedent has taught us that gold tends to rise in price in the face of geopolitical tensions. However, the gold price is multifaceted and rarely responds to a single trigger, but is driven by several factors. What geopolitical risks should be taken into account in the current context?


Despite some fluctuations during the year, the price of gold rose by 15% in 2023 to an all-time high of USD 2,130.20 per ounce. The US banking crisis, geopolitical tensions, war conflicts and the US Federal Reserve’s stance on maintaining interest rates were some of the main factors that contributed to the fact that gold continued to be a safe-haven asset for investors.

This year, aside from war and geopolitical conflicts, the lack of clarity around the timing of the US Federal Reserve’s monetary easing cycle and the growing popularity of Donald Trump’s candidacy may substantially impact the 2024 election, the geopolitical landscape and gold’s appreciation. But let us focus on geopolitics.


De-dollarisation and reserve diversification

As for the economic sanctions against Russia in the wake of the war in Ukraine, these drove up the prices of hydrocarbons and other commodities, while undermining the credibility of the global financial system by weaponizing the dollar and seizing Russian reserves, leading to an increase in central banks’ demand for gold.

A survey of 85 sovereign wealth funds and 57 central banks by Invesco, a global asset management firm, showed that almost 60% of respondents are concerned about the precedent of sanctions against Russia and consider that these developments have made gold a more attractive asset, while 68% hold reserves in their coffers compared to 50% in 2020.

In this context, the growing trend of dedollarisation shows no signs of stopping. According to the IMF, the market share of the US dollar as the world’s reserve currency has fallen from 66% in 2003 to 58.4% at the end of the fourth quarter of 2023. This seems to confirm that the international financial system is facing an unstoppable transformation process, encouraged by the large emerging economies that are part of the BRICS group.


Rising tensions in the Middle East

The armed conflict unleashed between Israel and Palestine on 7 October caused the price of gold to rise by more than 10%, reaching a high of over 1,900 euros per ounce. This rise in the price of gold was driven not so much by the armed conflict between these two actors, but by the possible ramifications if other countries in the region and the West became involved.

While the tug of war between Hezbollah and Israel as a result of the massacre in Gaza was in danger of spiralling out of control, Ansar Al-lah, the Islamist resistance group better known as the Houthis and operating in Yemen, also showed solidarity with Palestine by attacking ships transiting the Red Sea bound for Israel and other countries that continue to fuel the genocide.

This exponentially increased shipping costs and the risk of reigniting the flames of war in Yemen after the last ceasefire, driving up the price of gold. The response from the US and some of its client states was swift, and the bombing of Yemen continues to this day.

As for the US military’s illegal occupation of Syria, it continues to provoke a response by armed resistance groups. The attack on one of the US military bases has been followed by an increase in US bombings in Syria and Iraq against military targets that Washington links to the Iranian government.

In this context, US threats against Iran, accusing it of supporting Syria, Yemen and Palestine, are a clear attempt to widen the current conflict. This would also have ramifications for the global economy, financial markets and the value of gold as a safe-haven asset for investors.

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How can you preserve the value of your investments when everything seems to be falling apart? Gold is an indispensable ingredient in any diversified investment portfolio because of its long-term performance and liquidity.


Gold is the precious metal par excellence. Scarce and highly prized, it has been used for thousands of years to preserve wealth. And this has not changed in the 21st century, as it has appreciated in 16 of the last 20 years, according to Statista.

Three key characteristics make it an attractive asset for any investment portfolio: long-term profitability, as the data is positive if we analyse its appreciation over the last decades; its role in diversifying and reducing the overall risk of our investments; and its liquidity, as it can be easily bought and sold, even when conditions in other markets are difficult.


A shield against inflation

Gold generates relatively strong returns in all economic cycles. As the World Gold Council points out, over the past 50 years the price of gold has risen by almost 11% per annum on average. This is comparable to US equities and considerably better than US bonds.

Gold offers a good return in good times, when demand for gold in jewellery and technology increases. But its attractiveness grows especially in times of difficulty as it is seen as a safe-haven asset.

The World Gold Council points out that gold has appreciated by more than 20 % on average in periods with inflation above 5 %. According to data from this organisation, almost half (47 %) of the demand for gold in 2021 was for investment and more than 7 % went into the vaults of central banks.

The need to diversify

A golden rule, no pun intended, for any investor is not to put all your eggs in one basket. In other words, putting all your savings into a single asset class is very risky because it exposes you to the ups and downs of a single market. This is why it is recommended to diversify investments and include various types of assets in investment portfolios so that gains in some assets can offset unexpected losses in others.

Hence, gold’s great attractiveness as a complement to other assets, especially at times when equities and other riskier investments are under pressure. Portfolios that include gold are less likely to experience extreme ups and downs.

On the other hand, if we compare the evolution of the gold price with the US dollar and other currencies that have been used as safe havens, we find that in the 21st century the major currencies have depreciated by more than 90% against gold. And if we look further, we see that in the last 100 years the major currencies have lost 99% of their value compared to gold. 


No liquidity problems

The third advantage of gold is that it is a very liquid asset. The value of gold bullion is closely linked to the world market price for unrefined metals, which is updated 24 hours a day and is accessible to buyers and sellers at all times.

Investors can buy and sell gold whenever they wish, even during periods of extreme stress in the financial markets. This is obviously not the case for other assets as art or antiques, for example.

Given all these factors, it is not surprising that the World Gold Council’s analysis has concluded that adding 6-10% of gold to the average US investor’s portfolio will tangibly improve their performance, with good long-term returns.


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Hong Kong is unshackling itself from China’s government restrictions on the cryptocurrency sector and encouraging the adoption of blockchain technology with the aim of becoming the global centre of the crypto industry and trading.


Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, has a free market economy heavily dependent on international trade and finance. Known for innovation and promotion of new technologies, in recent months it has introduced new regulations to promote and facilitate the adoption of cryptocurrencies.

On June 1 last, a new licensing regime for cryptocurrency exchange platforms came into force, opening up access to cryptocurrency trading for retail investors, which was previously prohibited. This allows these platforms to provide services in a regulated manner in their territory.

More than 80 companies involved in cryptocurrency exchange and blockchain ecosystem development have already made applications to Hong Kong for a presence in the territory. Many of these companies already have businesses in mainland China, but others come from Singapore, the European Union, the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and other regions of the world.

In addition, the central banks of Hong Kong and the United Arab Emirates have announced that they will coordinate their crypto-asset regulations to facilitate the settlement of cross-border transactions, opening up the possibility of using their own digital currencies (CBDCs). This comes shortly after the administrative region’s monetary authority unveiled the launch of a digital version of the Hong Kong dollar.


Will China change its stance against crypto?

Against the backdrop of the Chinese government’s historically tough restrictions on crypto trading – to the point of declaring all cryptocurrency-related activities illegal – Hong Kong’s new regulatory policy on cryptocurrencies suggests a possible paradigm shift in China’s stance on cryptocurrencies.

Especially considering that Beijing recently published a white paper outlining the way forward for leading Web 3.0 innovation and development that could lay the groundwork for the renaissance of China’s crypto-asset industry.

Meanwhile, the US government, chastened by the collapse of FTX – the world’s third-largest crypto-trading platform at the time – excluded Binance from the banking sector after a regulator’s lawsuit, as it considers implementing more restrictive policies in the cryptocurrency sector. These developments contrast with the position of the Hong Kong government, which is pressuring big banks to accept cryptocurrency platforms as clients.

The possibility of this new regulatory approach becoming a reality prompted Brian Armstrong, chief executive of Coinbase, to warn that the application of more restrictive policies in the US crypto-trading sector benefits China: “Given these moves and China’s strategy of leveraging financial technology to protect its own national interests, it should come as no surprise that Hong Kong is positioning itself as a global cryptocurrency hub”.


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If there is one thing that characterises the cryptocurrency market, it is its high volatility. As it is a relatively small market in which a large part of the cryptocurrencies are concentrated in a few hands, speculation by large investors tends to generate large fluctuations due to their pulling power and the intangible value of cryptoassets.


The financial crisis of 2007-2008 led Satoshi Nakamoto to create a cryptocurrency that would escape the traditional financial system: bitcoin. In the first transaction, which took place at the beginning of 2009, its value was residual: only 0.00076 dollars. 

Since then, the price of bitcoin has soared, albeit with enormous volatility. If we analyse its evolution over the last two years, we can see that it went from less than 10,000 euros in September 2020 to more than 50,000 half a year later, only to fall back below 30,000 four months later. And, after further rallies, which took it to a valuation in November 2021 of 58,358 euros, its historical maximum, the successive falls of the “crypto-winter” have placed it at around 20,000 today, practically a third of its higher value. 

Bitcoin is no exception. Volatility is also affecting other cryptocurrencies. For example, ether lost two-thirds of its value between April and June, going from more than 3,000 euros to less than 1,000 euros, before rising back above 1,900 in mid-August and dropping below 1,400 from mid-September onwards. 

Terra luna, the most notorious case, went from being worth more than 80 euros at the beginning of May to being practically worthless in little more than a week. And yet it was a ‘stablecoin’, i.e. a cryptocurrency whose value is linked to that of another currency, commodity or financial instrument, which should provide more stability. 

Little tangible value

Cryptocurrencies have gained a lot of prominence in the financial world in recent years. A report by the Bank of Spain estimates that the cryptoassets market reached a capitalisation of $2.8 trillion in 2021, approximately 1 % of global financial assets. 

Even so, they still lack the acceptance of traditional assets such as equities or gold. Economists such as Paul Krugman and business leaders such as Warren Buffett have even described them as a “mirage” and have even predicted their demise.

It is true that the gold or equity markets are no strangers to speculation either, but gold or listed companies have a more obvious intrinsic value. Gold has long been used as a medium of exchange and is a reasonably stable commodity in terms of price, demand and supply. Listed companies, on the other hand, have properties, customers, cash flows and income statements that give them a more tangible value.

While no one can deny that blockchain provides benefits such as security, decentralisation, cost reduction and speed, it is still tricky to specify the real value that cryptocurrencies bring to their owners. And that is fertile ground for volatility. 

A poorly regulated market

Nor does the lack of a governing or controlling body, as is the case with fiat currency, shares or bonds, help stability. In this sense, progressively increasing regulation could contribute to greater adoption, although over-regulation could be counterproductive.

Hence, the European Union has published a proposal for a regulation affecting cryptoasset issuers, exchange platforms and digital currency wallets. This regulation aims to facilitate the supervision of the sector and prevent market manipulation.

The power of the whales

Without a clear real value, cryptocurrencies are highly speculative assets, so they are much more sensitive to one-off movements by large investors, which trigger chain reactions up or down. 

It should be borne in mind that the cryptocurrency market is still very small compared to other assets and that a considerable part of it is in the hands of a few investors, known as “whales”. Per Wimmer, founder of Wimmer Financial LLP, has even warned that the cryptocurrency market is dominated by ten whales.

This may be an exaggeration, but the truth is that, according to the US National Bureau of Economic Research, by the end of 2020 a third of all bitcoins were in the hands of just 10,000 investors. This concentration means that their decisions can more easily destabilise the market, as their relative weight is much greater. 

Speculative manoeuvres

In order to get rich, some whales start selling a large volume of cryptocurrencies at below-market prices. This triggers panic and sales by small investors skyrocket. Once the price bottoms out, the whales take the opportunity to buy back more cryptocurrencies.

Massive adoption of cryptocurrencies, which would reduce the relative weight of large investors, would therefore help to stabilise the market. This would require them to be on a par with fiat currencies so that they are perceived as a stable value and can be more easily exchanged for goods and services. Utility is a key element in establishing the value of an asset, and the potential of cryptocurrencies is still being explored.

Media noise

The subjective value of cryptocurrencies also makes them very sensitive to media noise. For example, when Tesla announced that cryptocurrencies would not be accepted as a means of payment, the value of bitcoin plummeted, while Elon Musk’s support for dogecoin on Twitter was enough to send the value of this cryptocurrency soaring. 

If the news around a cryptocurrency is positive or an influencer generates positive sentiment towards it, demand and price increase. The opposite happens when the news or sentiment is negative.

It is still too early to tell whether markets will stabilise in the future and cryptocurrencies will be able to be traded like fiat currencies. What is clear is that the amount of capital invested in cryptocurrencies would have to grow a lot for volatility to be reduced. 


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Once again, this year, the ‘La Grossa de Cap d’Any’ raffle will distribute thousands of euros in prizes throughout Catalonia. Here are the prizes you can win, how to collect them, and how much tax the state keeps.


Since 2013, ‘La Grossa de Cap d’Any’ draw is held every 31 December. A draw created by Loteries de Catalunya with the aim of taking advantage of the popularity of the Extraordinary Christmas Draw held throughout Spain, to have a Catalan raffle, the first autonomous community to have a Christmas lottery, which benefits our territory.

Every year 100,000 numbers are put on sale, from 0 to 99999, with a total of 50 series, five of which are in electronic format. The price per ticket is 10 euros, and they can be bought at the usual Loteries de Catalunya points of sale or in some supermarkets. The draw is broadcast live on TV3 at around 12:55 pm.

The prizes

The ‘Grossa’ of 2023 maintains the normal distribution of 5 big prizes, with the following retributions for winners:

  • The first prize of €200,000 per ticket, €20,000 per euro played.
  • The second prize of €65,000 per ticket, €6,500 per euro played.
  • The third prize of €30,000 per ticket, €3,000 per euro played.
  • Two fourth prizes of €10,000 per ticket, €1,000 per euro played.
  • Three fifth prizes of €5,000 per ticket, €500 per euro played.

Prizes expire 90 days after the date of the relevant draw and are subject to the usual lottery winnings taxation. In this case, prizes exceeding €40,000 must be taxed, after which 20% of the amount received must be paid.

You can collect prizes of up to €120 at any authorised establishment that has a terminal, although these outlets can optionally pay prizes of up to €1,999.99. You can also collect rewards of €50 or more in cash or by bank transfer at CaixaBank branches or at the Loteries de Catalunya Customer Service, Information and Prize Payment Office at Carrer Enric Granados, 33, Barcelona.

How to invest the money

Depending on the amount of the prize and our economic situation, the winnings can be used to cover the odd hole and little else. Still, if we are lucky enough to have healthy personal finances, we have different investment options.

Given the levels of inflation in recent months and the low returns banks are giving us on our deposits, it may be tempting to choose investment options that give us a higher return. Even so, it should be borne in mind that the higher the return, the more risk we have to take.

Currently, bank deposits offer little return, but Guaranteed Funds can easily and safely provide a return on the money earned. As the name implies, guaranteed funds guarantee all or part of the capital invested, as well as a fixed return over a period of time.

If you are worried about the possible recession next year, investing in precious metals may be the best option if you want to avoid the devaluation of your money. The value of precious metals is much more stable in times of crisis like the current one, and gold is considered the ultimate safe haven asset.

Investing in property is one of the most popular options, but buying a property as an investment requires a minimum knowledge of the real estate sector. On the other hand, it is important to take into account maintenance costs, especially in periods when we cannot make the investment profitable through renting.

In any case, whether you are planning to invest the money you have earned, or whether you want to spend it on something you are looking forward to, you should think carefully about what you are going to do with the money before rushing into a decision spurred on by the moment of joy you have just uncorked the Cava.


If you want to discover the best option to protect your savings, enter Preciosos 11Onze. We will help you buy at the best price the safe-haven asset par excellence: physical gold.

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What are the advantages and disadvantages of bullion coins compared to gold bars? What is their history? What does their value depend on? Here are the answers you need.


The first official coins were minted around the 7th century BC in Lydia, in present-day Turkey. They were made of electro, an alloy of gold and silver. From then on, virtually all the great states of antiquity created gold or electro coins.

For centuries, gold and silver became the materials from which coins of the highest value were made. This was because they are solid metals, easy to handle and relatively scarce, which prevents overabundance.

Of the two, gold has always been more prized for its greater resistance to rust and corrosion. In addition, its golden colour and lustre have made it very attractive to most civilisations, which have made this precious metal a symbol of wealth and status.


A new concept of gold coinage

In the second half of the 20th century, the concept of the bullion coin appeared. This is a coin minted in precious metal, the value of which is fixed not by the face value of the coin, but by the value of the metal contained in it, to which a premium is added for the coin’s manufacturing process.

In these cases, what is important is the amount of precious metal it contains and its purity, rather than the possible numismatic value it may have because of its design. Of course, when the price of gold rises, the value of the coin also rises


Bullion coins or gold bars?

Although the premiums or surcharges on the price of contained gold are lower for bullion and bars than for coins, many investors prefer the latter.

One reason is their collectable potential. Gold coins that are preserved in good condition become somewhat more coveted as they age, which is not the case with gold bars, which are valued purely for the amount of gold they contain.

Moreover, because their weight per unit is generally lower, they do not require the investment of a large amount of money, which makes them accessible to small investors.

Finally, the process of verifying their authenticity when selling them is simpler. Thanks to their particular design, weight and dimensions, each type of gold coin is very difficult to counterfeit.


A bit of history

The first modern investment coins were minted in South Africa in 1967. They are the Krugerrand, which are still in production today. Investment coins became popular between the late 1970s and the 1980s, when the Maple Leaf in Canada (1979), the American Eagle in the United States (1986), the Britannia in the United Kingdom (1987) and the Philharmonic in Austria (1989) began to be minted.

Some of these coins have a face value. For example, in the case of the Britannia coin, it is £100. However, as this value is lower than the value of the gold it contains, the real value at any given moment is determined by the price of gold and its numismatic value. In this sense, as the Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre indicates, the rarity and the degree of conservation of the piece are essential.

Some pieces are often coveted for reasons that go beyond a mere investment mentality. The numismatic value of the craftsmanship, design, historical significance, commemorative value and physical condition of a piece can drive collector demand. This means that, proportionately, the price of some coins is considerably higher than that of bullion.


Up to now, with Preciosos 11Onze, it has been possible to purchase gold bullion. From now on, we also offer the option of buying Krugerrand and Britannia gold coins. Gift gold, for tomorrow’s future.

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