Technological trends that will mark 2023
Artificial intelligence (AI), the metaverse, the Internet of Things (IoT) and blockchain are some of the new technologies that will be consolidated this year and that should contribute to the economic, social and environmental progress promised by Industry 4.0 a reality.
The advance of the Fourth Industrial Revolution has opened up a wide range of opportunities for companies and public administrations thanks to new technologies. However, challenges remain to be overcome if this technological revolution is to help us respond to social and environmental needs, amplified by the crises caused by the current geopolitical situation.
In this context, the technological innovations that will mark 2023 will also be a transversal and inherent element of economic and social progress. A study published by the World Economic Forum highlights the strategic importance of these technological trends in an increasingly competitive geo-economic world order.
The report identifies Artificial Intelligence (AI), robotics, blockchain technology, 5G technologies and the Internet of Things (IoT) as key technologies of digital transformation, on which governments will have to restructure their policies if they want to achieve their strategic objectives.
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Data processing and machine learning are spurring the development of artificial intelligence at a dizzying pace. A technology that will play an increasingly large role in our daily lives. One example is ChatGPT, an application developed by OpenAI, the popularity of which has taken even technology giants such as Google by surprise. Sectors such as healthcare, finance and industry have been boosted by the integration of artificial intelligence into their processes.
New technologies are already a fundamental part of our lives, but they have also created new threats to the security of our data and personal information. Cybersecurity will continue to be one of the biggest challenges we face this year. From national security to individual freedom, as technology advances, we too need to understand, adapt and ensure our security.
Augmented Reality (AR)
In medicine, this technology is already being used to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. For example, doctors can visualise 3D medical images in real-time and superimpose them on the patient’s body to make more informed treatment decisions or assist in surgery planning. Augmented reality can also enhance the interactive learning experience, especially in distance learning, as well as provide information to the public by overlaying virtual objects in real-world environments in real-time.
Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things (IoT) will also remain a major trend in 2023, as businesses look for ways to connect and automate their systems to improve efficiency and productivity. There will be more and more connected devices, capable of communicating with each other and exchanging data.
Blockchain is a technology that allows transactions between two or more people without the need for intermediaries. Popularised by cryptocurrencies, it is a technology that facilitates the decentralisation of financial applications and any other digital record, the use of which will continue to increase this year.
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