The establishment of feudalism

It was at the end of the 11th century that feudalism finally took hold. The feudal lords, nobles or members of the Church, would force the peasants to hand over a surplus on their work, emasculating their freedoms and forcing a large part of the population into debt. Oriol Garcia Farré, 11Onze agent and historian, explains it to us.


It was a political, economic, legal and social system established during the Middle Ages throughout the European continent. The kingdoms were divided into small territories that had a certain degree of independence, which were administered by the new feudal lords, lay and ecclesiastical, who provided ‘protection’ to the peasants attached to the land, in exchange for tribute and labour.

At least this was the official rhetoric, as Garcia explains, “most of the existing documentation on the process of feudalisation only explains what the lords or the ecclesiastics were interested in documenting“, and he continues, “bear in mind that in this documentation broad sectors of society, such as the peasants, will be left out”.

The obligation to generate a surplus

With the imposition of feudalism, agricultural and livestock production became the mainstay of the economy. The systematic exploitation of the peasants through the collection of taxes, without which “it would never have been possible to build castles, towers, monasteries, or Romanesque gateways”, Garcia points out, gave way to the need to “demand and bind new lands for farming”.

Thus, there was an intensification of agriculture spurred on by the coercion of the feudal lords exercised over the communities of free peasants, “who throughout this process of feudalisation were forced to abandon their subsistence economy, with the sole aim of generating a surplus”, says Garcia.


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  1. Joan Santacruz CarlúsJoan Santacruz Carlús says:
  2. Mercè ComasMercè Comas says:

    Aquests articles són per estudiar a les Facultats d’ Economia. Fàcilment podrien fer previsions econòmiques pel futur.
    No sé si ho fan, en tot cas ho dubto.

  3. Jordi MorenoJordi Moreno says:

    Molt bona classe d’historia, merci👌

    • Oriol Garcia FarréOriol Garcia Farré says:

      Gràcies, Jordi. D’això es tracta, d’aportar valor i coneixement a la comunitat. Seguim a La Plaça.

      2 years ago
  4. alicia Coiduras Charlesalicia Coiduras Charles says:

    Com sempre genial com ho expliques fas que ens traslladem al moment dels fets

    • Oriol Garcia FarréOriol Garcia Farré says:

      Gràcies, Alícia. Entre allò i això, tampoc hi ha gaire diferència. Seguim a La Plaça.

      2 years ago
  5. Manuel Bullich BuenoManuel Bullich Bueno says:

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